Statement by Victoria Tauli Corpuz, Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous people. 69th session of the General Assembly Third Committee Item # 66 - 20 October 2014, New York
1. The Aswan Dam (1902) and High Dam (1964) were built by Egypt. The total Egyptian Nubia was flooded and immeasurable damages to Nubian antiquities were done and about 180 kilometers of Sudanese Nubian territories were inundated accordingly and about 75% of the area's antiquities were submerged.
2. South of 2nd cataract is the proposed location for Dal Dam at the southern tip of Lake Nubia (Reservoir of the High Dam).
3. Location of Kajbar Dam on the third cataract. The Sudan National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (NCAM) and the International Society for Nubian Studies convened a joint meeting on May 15, 2012 to discuss NCAM's appeal to help salvage Nubian antiquities south of the locations of Kajbar dam and el-Sheraik dam (number 5). The Sudan government gave three years from now to complete the mission before building the two dams.
4. Merowe Dam was built in a record of 2 years and thousands of Manasir tribe was relocated in the desert far from the Nile. The Dam is for generation of electricity only like all other dams on the Nubian land.
5. El-Sheraik Dam will be built with Kajbar and Dal Dams in the same plan. Saudi Arabia signed an agreement on November 2015 with Sudan to finance building the three dams.
6. As-Sabaloga Dam north of Khartoum.
All these dams will wipe out Nubia forever from the map and Nubia land will become a wide reservoir for Egypt's water. Egypt is using Nubia land as a free storage for its water since 1964. Nubians deserve reparations for all these damages and only the international community can help protecting Nubians and its archaeological treasures.
Why Do Nubians Oppose Dams?
Dams will destroy one of the richest archaeological sites in the world for the sake of few benefits from the hydroelectricity generated from the proposed dams .There are enough energy alternatives; such as the solar energy which is available in abundance throughout the year, beside windmills and bio-gas etc.Nubian antiquities, its desert and Nile cataracts can attract tourism to the area and generate more revenue than dams.Dams will destroy the environment and affect the ecology as well as the well-being of the Nubian societies.
What Do Nubians Want?
They want your help to stop damming Nubia and destroying its heritage and archaeological wealth.The International organizations as UNESCO and international museums can adopt baby museums in Nubia and encourage international tourism to Nubia.
Nubia between Egypt and UNESCO Jigsaw
UNESCO was unfair to the Nubians in Sudan. It knows that Nubians are separated between Egypt and Sudan by the British colonialism. Egypt was able to relocate the total Nubian population from their ancestral lands where as a sizable Nubian population in Sudan were relocated from their lands to Eastern Sudan near the Sudanese Eritrean boarders. UNESCO helped Egypt by building a Nubian Museum in Aswan. It is said that Egypt was insisting on naming the museum as Aswan Museum but the UNESCO insisted on naming it "Nubia Museum" as a funding agency to the museum.
UNESCO has ignored the Nubians in the Sudan for over half a century and never thought about building a sister museum in the Sudanese Nubian region and nor employed a single Nubian adviser or professional in it staff to help in preserving Nubian culture and artifacts!
On the other hand, Egypt isolated the Sudanese Nubian territory and blocked the influx of international tourism towards Sudanese Nubia who sacrificed a great portion of its historical lands with archaeological treasures as a free storage for Egypt to keep the waters of the High Dam for more than half a century. The Sudanese Nubians are still living in darkness behind the walls of the High Dam while Egypt is sending electricity generated from the High Dam waters to neighboring Arab countries and Israil. Nubians do not deserve this humiliating treatment from Egypt and UNESCO. Enough is enough.
Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (2)
Properties submitted on the Tentative List (6)
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